A Comprehensive Game Design Methodology
From First Ideas to Spectacular Pitches and Proposals

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Level Two: Rightsholders

Postmortem Phase Level Two


This level lists, with due attributions, every intellectual property mentioned throughout this treatise for purposes of analysis, criticism, and scholarly reference under the Fair Use doctrine. They are copyrighted or trademarked by their respective rightsholders and owners.

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Games & Videogames

Alan Wake. Remedy Entertainment. Microsoft Game Studios. 2010.

Alien: Isolation. Creative Assembly. Sega. 2014.

Aliens: Colonial Marines. Gearbox Software. Sega. 2013.

Aliens versus Predator. Rebellion Developments. Fox Interactive. 1999.

ARMA 2. Bohemia Interactive. 2009.

A(s)century. Austin Walker. 2014.

Batman: Arkham Asylum. Rocksteady Studios. Eidos Interactive & Warner Bros. IE. 2009.

Battlefield 1. EA DICE. Electronic Arts. 2016.

Bejeweled. PopCap Games. 2001.

Beyond: Two Souls. Quantic Dream. Sony CE. 2013.

BioShock. 2K Boston & 2K Australia. 2K Games. 2007.

Breakout. Atari. Atari & Namco. 1976.

Call of Duty. Infinity Ward. Activision. 2003.

Car Wars. Chad Irby & Steve Jackson. Steve Jackson Games, 1980.

Civilization. MPS Labs. MicroProse. 1991.

Clash of Clans. Supercell. 2012.

Connect Four. Howard Wexler & Ned Strongin. Milton Bradley. 1974.

Conway’s Game of Life. John Horton Conway. 1970.

The Crew. Ivory Tower & Ubisoft Reflections. Ubisoft. 2014.

Cyberpunk 2077. CD Projekt Red. CD Projekt. Forthcoming.

Dark Souls. FromSoftware. Namco Bandai Games & FromSoftware. 2011.

Dead Space. EA Redwood Shores. Electronic Arts. 2008.

Defense of the Ancients. Eul, Steve Feak, & IceFrog. 2003.

Desert Golfing. Blinkbat Games. 2014.

Deus Ex. Ion Storm. Eidos Interactive. 2000.

Diablo III. Blizzard Entertainment. 2012.

Donkey Kong. Nintendo. 1981.

Doom. id Software. GT Interactive Software. 1993.

Doom II. id Software. GT Interactive Software. 1994.

Doom 3. id Software. Activision & Aspyr Media. 2004.

Dragon Age: Inquisition. BioWare Edmonton. Electronic Arts. 2014.

Dwarf Fortress. Tarn Adams. Bay 12 Games. 2006.

Dying Light. Techland. Warner Bros. IE & Techland Publishing. 2015.

Eve Online. CCP Games. Simon & Schuster. 2003.

Fahrenheit (Indigo Prophecy). Quantic Dream. Atari. 2005.

Fallout 4. Bethesda Game Studios. Bethesda Softworks. 2015.

Far Cry 2. Ubisoft Montreal. Ubisoft. 2008.

Final Fantasy. Square/Square Enix. 1987–2018.

Forza Motorsport. Turn 10 Studios, Playground Games, & Sumo Digital. Microsoft Studios. 2005–2017.

Full Spectrum Warrior. Pandemic Studios & Mass Media. THQ. 2004.

Galaxian. Namco. Namco & Midway. 1979.

Gears of War. Epic Games. Microsoft Game Studios. 2006.

Gears of War 2. Epic Games. Microsoft Game Studios. 2008.

God of War. SCE Santa Monica Studio. Sony CE & Capcom. 2005.

God of War. SCE Santa Monica Studio. Sony Interactive Entertainment. 2018.

GoldenEye 007. Rare. Nintendo. 1997.

Gone Home. The Fullbright Company. 2013.

Grand Prix Legends. Papyrus Design Group. Sierra Sports. 1998.

Grand Theft Auto V. Rockstar North. Rockstar Games. 2013.

Grim Fandango. LucasArts. 1998.

Guitar Hero. Harmonix. RedOctane. 2005.

Half-Life. Valve. Sierra Studios. 1998.

Halo: Combat Evolved. Bungie. Microsoft Game Studios. 2001.

Heavy Rain. Quantic Dream. Sony CE. 2010.

Hellblade: Senua’s Sacrifice. Ninja Theory. 2017.

Hex. Piet Hein; John Nash (independently). Parker Brothers. 1952.

Hitman: Blood Money. IO Interactive. Eidos Interactive. 2006.

I Have No Mouth, and I Must Scream. The Dreamers Guild. Cyberdreams, 1995.

Ico. SCE Japan Studio & Team Ico. Sony CE. 2001.

Kill.Switch. Namco USA. Namco. 2003.

The Last Express. Smoking Car Productions. Brøderbund. 1997.

The Last of Us. Naughty Dog. Sony CE. 2013.

League of Legends. Riot Games. 2009.

Left4Dead. Valve South/Valve. Valve. 2008–09.

Legend of Grimrock. Almost Human. 2012.

The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild. Nintendo EPD. Nintendo. 2017.

The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time. Nintendo EPD. Nintendo. 1998.

The Legend of Zelda: Phantom Hourglass. Nintendo EPD. Nintendo. 2007.

Life Is Strange. Dontnod Entertainment. Square Enix. 2015.

Lineage. NCSOFT. 1998.

Mafia III. Hangar 13. 2K Games. 2017.

Mario. Nintendo. 1981–2017.

Mario Kart 64. Nintendo EAD. Nintendo. 1996.

Mass Effect. BioWare. Microsoft Game Studios & Electronic Arts. 2007.

Mass Effect 2. BioWare. Electronic Arts. 2010.

Mass Effect 3. BioWare. Electronic Arts. 2012.

Medal of Honor: Allied Assault. 2015, Inc. EA Games. 2002.

Metal Gear. Konami. 1987.

Metal Gear Solid. Konami CE Japan. Konami. 1998.

Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes. Konami CE Japan & Silicon Knights. Konami. 2004.

Middle-Earth: Shadow of Mordor. Monolith Productions. Warner Bros. IE. 2014.

Mirror’s Edge. EA DICE. Electronic Arts. 2008.

Monument Valley. Ustwo Games. 2014.

Myst. Cyan. Brøderbund. 1993.

NASCAR Racing 2003 Season. Papyrus Design Group. Sierra Entertainment. 2003.

NieR. Cavia. Square Enix. 2010.

Operation Flashpoint. Bohemia Interactive & Codemasters. Codemasters. 2001.

Overwatch. Blizzard Entertainment. 2016.

Oxenfree. Night School Studio. 2016.

P. T. 7780s Studio. Konami. 2014.

Pac-Man. Namco. Namco & Midway. 1980.

Paranoia. Greg Costikyan, Dan Gelber, & Eric Goldberg. WestEnd Games. 1984.

Phoenix Command. Barry Nakazono & David McKenzie. Leading Edge Games, 1986.

Planescape: Torment. Black Isle Studios. Interplay Entertainment. 1999.

Pong. Atari. 1972.

Prince of Persia. Brøderbund. 1989.

Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time. Ubisoft Montreal. Ubisoft. 2003.

Quake. id Software. GT Interactive. 1996.

Quake II. id Software. Activision. 1997.

Qix. Taito. 1981.

Red Dead Redemption. Rockstar San Diego. Rockstar Games. 2010.

Resident Evil 4. Capcom Production. Capcom. 2005.

Resident Evil 7: Biohazard. Capcom. 2017.

Revolution 60. Giant Spacekat. 2014.

Rise of the Tomb Raider. Crystal Dynamics. Square Enix. 2015.

Sekiro: Shadows Die Twice. From Software. Activision. Forthcoming 2019.

Shadow of the Tomb Raider. Eidos Montréal. Square Enix. 2018.

Shenmue. SEGA AM2. SEGA. 1999.

Silent Hill, SH2, SH3, SH4: The Room. Team Silent (Konami CE Tokyo). Konami. 1999–2004.

The Sims. Maxis. Electronic Arts. 2000.

Space Invaders. Taito. Taito & Midway. 1978.

Star Ship. Atari. 1977.

Star Trek: Klingon. Jonathan Frakes. Simon & Schuster: 1996.

StarCraft. Blizzard Entertainment. 1998–2017.

The Suffering. Surreal Software. Midway Games, Encore, & Zoo DP. 2004.

Super Mario Odyssey. Nintendo EPD. Nintendo. 2017.

Syberia. Microïds. 2002.

Tenchu: Stealth Assassins. Acquire. SMEJ & Activision. 1998.

Tetris. Alexey Pajitnov. Game Boy Version: Bulletproof Software & Nintendo. Nintendo. 1989.

Thief: The Dark Project. Looking Glass Studios. Eidos Interactive. 1998.

Threes. Sirvo. 2014.

Titanfall. Respawn Entertainment. Electronic Arts. 2014.

Tomb Raider. Core Design. Eidos Interactive. 1996.

Tomb Raider. Crystal Dynamics. Square Enix. 2013.

Tomb Raider II. Core Design & Westlake Interactive. Eidos Interactive & Aspyr. 1997.

Train. Brenda Romero. 2009.

Ultima Online. Origin Systems. Electronic Arts. 1997.

Uncharted. Naughty Dog. Sony IE. 2007–2017.

Uncharted 4: A Thief’s End. Naughty Dog. Sony IE. 2016.

Uncharted: The Lost Legacy. Naughty Dog. Sony IE. 2017.

Unreal. Epic MegaGames, Digital Extremes, & Legend Entertainment. GT Interactive. 1998.

Unreal Tournament. Epic Games & Digital Extremes. GT Interactive. 1999.

Unreal Tournament 2003. Epic Games & Digital Extremes. Infogrames. 2002.

Unreal Tournament 2004. Epic Games & Digital Extremes. Atari & MacSoft. 2004.

Warcraft: Orcs & Humans. Blizzard Entertainment. 1994.

Wario Land 4. Nintendo R&D1. Nintendo. 2001.

The Witcher. CD Projekt Red. Atari. 2007.

The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings. CD Projekt Red. CD Projekt. 2011.

The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt. CD Projekt Red. CD Projekt. 2015.

Wordfeud. Bertheussen IT. 2010.

World of Warcraft. Blizzard Entertainment. 2004.

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Movies & TV Shows

Alien. Ridley Scott. United Kingdom & United States: 20th Century Fox, 1979.

Annie Hall. Woody Allen. United States: United Artists, 1977.

Band of Brothers. Phil Alden Robinson et al. United States: HBO Entertainment, 2001.

The Benny Hill Show. Benny Hill. London: Associated-Rediffusion, 1955–91.

Black Panther. Ryan Coogler. United States: Marvel Studios/Walt Disney Studios, 2018.

Casablanca. Michael Curtiz. United States: Warner Bros. Pictures, 1943.

Dark City. Alex Proyas. United States & Australia: New Line Cinema, 1998.

Blade Runner. Ridley Scott. United States: Warner Bros., 1982.

Gladiator. Ridley Scott. United Kingdom & United States: DreamWorks Pictures & Universal Pictures, 2000.

GoldenEye. Martin Campbell. United Kingdom & United States: MGM/UA Distribution & United International Pictures, 1995.

GoodFellas. Martin Scorsese. United States: Warner Bros., 1990.

House of Cards. Paul Seed. United Kingdom: BBC, 1990.

House of Cards. Beau Willimon, David Fincher et al. United States: Netflix: 2013–2017.

Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom. Steven Spielberg. United States: Paramount Pictures, 1984.

Kottan ermittelt. Peter Patzak. Austria: ORF, 1976–1984.

Logorama. François Alaux, Hervé de Crécy, & Ludovic Houplain. France: Cinéma Public Films, 2009.

The Long Goodbye. Robert Altman. United States: United Artists, 1973.

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. Peter Jackson. New Zealand & United States: New Line Cinema, 2001.

Mad Max: Fury Road. George Miller. Australia & United States: Warner Bros. & Roadshow Films, 2015.

Mission: Impossible. Bruce Geller. United States: Desilu Productions/Paramount Television, 1966–73.

Modern Times. Charlie Chaplin. United States: Charlie Chaplin, 1936.

Moonlighting. Robert Butler et al. United States: Disney–ABC Domestic Television, 1985–1989.

Once Upon a Time in the West (C’era una volta il West). Sergio Leone. Italy, United States, & Spain: Euro International Film & Paramount Pictures, 1968.

The Pacific. Tim Van Patten et al. United States: DreamWorks Television, 2010.

Peter Pan. Clyde Geronimi et al. United States: Walt Disney Productions, 1953.

Return of the Jedi. Richard Marquand. United States: 20th Century Fox, 1983.

Rogue One. Gareth Edwards. United States: Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, 2016.

Star Wars. George Lucas. United States: 20th Century Fox, 1977.

Star Wars: The Last Jedi. Rian Johnson. United States: Lucasfilm, 2017.

Terminator 2: Judgement Day. James Cameron. United States: TriStar Pictures, 1991.

Titanic. James Cameron. United States: Paramount Pictures & 20th Century Fox: 1997.

Tom and Jerry. Rudolf Ising et al. United States: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1940–1967.

Unforgiven. Clint Eastwood. United States: Warner Bros., 1992.

Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust. Kawajiri Yoshiaki. Japan & United States: Urban Vision & Nippon Herald Films, 2000.

The Wizard of Oz. Victor Fleming et al. United States: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1939.

The X-Files. “War of the Coprophages.” Season 3, Episode 12. Kim Manners. United States: 20th Television, 1996.

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Music & Songs

Bach, Johann Sebastian. “Canon per tonos.” Ein Musikalisches Opfer. BWV 1079. Leipzig, 1747.

Bach, Johann Sebastian. “Chaconne.” Partita in D minor for solo violin. BWV 1004. Köthen, 1720.

Barber, Samuel. Adagio for Strings. Premiere: NBC Studio 8H, 1938.

Iron Butterfly. “In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida.” Atco Records, 1968.

Ligeti György. Requiem. Premiere: Stockholm, 1965.

Penderecki, Krzysztof. Polymorphia. Premiere: Radio Hamburg, 1962.

Reich, Steve. “Clapping Music.” Premiere: Houston, 1972.

Rich, James Q. “Spider” & Boots Randolph. “Yakety Sax.” Monument Records, 1963.

Tanaka Hirokazu. “Korobeyniki” (trad. arr). Nintendo, 1989.

Wagner, Richard. Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. Premiere: Munich, 1868.

Williams, John & Johnny Mercer. “The Long Goodbye.” United Artists, 1973.

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Company & Brand Names

The following company & brand names are copyrighted or trademarked by their respective owners.

Academy Award; Adobe Flash; AlphaGo; Apple; Batman; Classic Tetris World Championship; Chicago Manual of Style; DC; E3 (Electronic Entertainment Expo); ESRA (Entertainment Software Rating Association); Funatics; GDC (Game Developers Conference); GDC Europe; GOG; GURPS; iMuse; iPad; iPhone; Marvel; Merriam-Webster; Nemesis System; Playstation; Playstation Vita; Steam; Technicolor; TED Conferences (Technology, Entertainment, Design); Twitter; Unreal Engine; Valve; Walt Disney; Wargaming; Wi-Fi; Wii Remote, WikiBear, YouTube.